2021-05-07 Anti-spam measures blocking legitimate e-mail
I am using fail2ban to deal with spamming attempts. Some of the spam senders are quite good at trying the same stupidity again 3 minutes later because the error codes are just for non-criminal mail senders. My logs kept filling up with the same stupidity over and over and over again. So I set up fail2ban to block the offending IPs to keep my logs readable. But this stopped e-mail based alerts from a certain service. I know, e-mail isn't instant messaging. The error message was:gosper sm-mta: ruleset=check_relay, arg1=xx.xx.xx.xx, arg2=xx.xx.xx.xx, relay=xx.xx.xx.xx [xx.xx.xx.xx], reject=421 4.3.2 Connection rate limit exceeded.This triggered fail2ban directly because I didn't expect normal traffic to exceed this, but the alerts from the service could. So I whitelisted the sending IP in the sendmail access config to make sure the notifications flow. I also updated the specific bit of fail2ban configuration to only block this after three errors.